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Tchaikovsky - Piano Concerto No.1 / Rachmaninov - Piano Concerto No.2 / Victoria Postnikova, Cristina Ortiz / DDD / AUDIO CD 1995 / Directed By – Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, Moshe Atzmon

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028944822120
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Tchaikovsky - Piano Concerto No.1 

Rachmaninov - Piano Concerto No.2 

Victoria Postnikova, Cristina Ortiz 

DDD 70 mins 

AUDIO CD 1995

UPC 028944822120

Cristina Ortiz - piano

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 

Moshe Atzmon

 

Label:  Decca ‎– 448 221-2
Series:  Decca Eclipse –
Format:  CD 
Country:  Germany
Released:  1995
Genre:  Classical
  

Tracklist:

 

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Piano Concerto No. 1 In B Flat Minor, Op. 23

 
1 Allegro Non Troppo E Molto Maestoso 22:52
2 Andante Semplice 8:08
3 Allegro Con Fuoco 7:22
 

Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff

Piano Concerto No. 2 In C Minor, Op. 18

 
4 Moderato 10:33
5 Adagio Sostenuto 10:58
6 Allegro Scherzando 11:44

 

Total Timing: 71:53

  • Phonographic Copyright (p) – The Decca Record Company Limited
  • Copyright (c) – The Decca Record Company Limited
  • Compiled By – Sergei Rachmaninoff* (tracks: 4-6)
  • Composed By – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (tracks: 1-3)
  • Directed By – Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, Moshe Atzmon
  • Orchestra – The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Wiener Symphoniker (tracks: 1-3)
  • Piano – Cristina Ortiz (tracks: 4-6), Victoria Postnikova (tracks: 1-3)
  • Barcode: 028944822120
  • Label Code: LC 0171
  • SPARS Code: DDD

 

Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff 1873 – 28 March 1943 was a Russian composer, virtuoso pianist and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.

Born into a musical family, Rachmaninoff took up the piano at age four. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1892, having already composed several piano and orchestral pieces. In 1897, following the negative critical reaction to his Symphony No. 1, Rachmaninoff entered a four-year depression and composed little until successful therapy allowed him to complete his enthusiastically received Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1901. For the next sixteen years, Rachmaninoff conducted at the Bolshoi Theatre, relocated to Dresden, Germany, and toured the United States for the first time.

Following the Russian Revolution, Rachmaninoff and his family left Russia; in 1918, they settled in the United States, first in New York City. With his main source of income coming from piano and conducting performances, demanding tour schedules led to a reduction in his time for composition; between 1918 and 1943, he completed just six works, including Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Symphony No. 3, and Symphonic Dances. By 1942, his failing health led to his relocation to Beverly Hills, California. One month before his death from advanced melanoma, Rachmaninoff was granted American citizenship.

In Rachmaninoff's work, early influences of Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev, Mussorgsky, and other Russian composers gave way to a personal style notable for its song-like melodicism, expressiveness and rich orchestral colors. Rachmaninoff often featured the piano in his compositions, and he explored the expressive possibilities of the instrument through his own skills as a pianist.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky 7 May 1840 [O.S. 25 April] – 6 November [O.S. 25 October] 1893), was a Russian composer of the romantic period, whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States. He was honored in 1884 by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension.

Although musically precocious, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant. There was scant opportunity for a musical career in Russia at that time and no system of public music education. When an opportunity for such an education arose, he entered the nascent Saint Petersburg Conservatory, from which he graduated in 1865. The formal Western-oriented teaching he received there set him apart from composers of the contemporary nationalistmovement embodied by the Russian composers of The Five, with whom his professional relationship was mixed. Tchaikovsky's training set him on a path to reconcile what he had learned with the native musical practices to which he had been exposed from childhood. From this reconciliation he forged a personal but unmistakably Russian style—a task that did not prove easy. The principles that governed melody, harmony and other fundamentals of Russian music ran completely counter to those that governed Western European music; this seemed to defeat the potential for using Russian music in large-scale Western composition or for forming a composite style, and it caused personal antipathies that dented Tchaikovsky's self-confidence. Russian culture exhibited a split personality, with its native and adopted elements having drifted apart increasingly since the time of Peter the Great. This resulted in uncertainty among the intelligentsia about the country's national identity—an ambiguity mirrored in Tchaikovsky's career.

Despite his many popular successes, Tchaikovsky's life was punctuated by personal crises and depression. Contributory factors included his early separation from his mother for boarding school followed by his mother's early death, the death of his close friend and colleague Nikolai Rubinstein, and the collapse of the one enduring relationship of his adult life, which was his 13-year association with the wealthy widow Nadezhda von Meck who was his patron even though they never actually met each other. His homosexuality, which he kept private, has traditionally also been considered a major factor, though some musicologists now downplay its importance. Tchaikovsky's sudden death at the age of 53 is generally ascribed to cholera; there is an ongoing debate as to whether cholera was indeed the cause of death, and whether his death was accidental or self-inflicted.

While his music has remained popular among audiences, critical opinions were initially mixed. Some Russians did not feel it was sufficiently representative of native musical values and expressed suspicion that Europeans accepted the music for its Western elements. In an apparent reinforcement of the latter claim, some Europeans lauded Tchaikovsky for offering music more substantive than base exoticism and said he transcended stereotypes of Russian classical music. Others dismissed Tchaikovsky's music as "lacking in elevated thought," according to longtime New York Timesmusic critic Harold C. Schonberg, and derided its formal workings as deficient because they did not stringently follow Western principles.

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