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Odia (or Oriya), both renderings of ଓଡ଼ିଆ, is an Indo-Aryan language that is mostly spoken in eastern India, with nearly or more than 40 million native speakers as of the year 2016 from the state of Odisha, adjoining regions of its neighboring states and by the largely migrated Odia population across India.

It is the predominant language of the Indian state of Odisha, where native speakers make up 80% of the population, and it is spoken in parts of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. Odia is one of the many official languages of India; it is the official language of Odisha and the second official language of Jharkhand. The language is also spoken by a sizable population of at least 10 million people in Chatishgarh. Odia is the sixth Indian language to be designated a Classical Language in India on the basis of having a long literary history and not having borrowed extensively from other languages