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The first Irish translation of the New Testament was begun by Nicholas Walsh, Bishop of Ossory, who worked on it until his untimely death in 1585. The work was continued by John Kearny, his assistant, and Dr. Nehemiah Donellan, Archbishop of Tuam, and it was finally completed by William O'Domhnuill (William Daniell, Archbishop of Tuam in succession to Donellan). Their work was printed in 1602.

The work of translating the Old Testament was undertaken by William Bedel (15711642), Bishop of Kilmore, who completed his translation within the reign of Charles the First, however it was not published until 1680, in a revised version by Narcissus Marsh (16381713), Archbishop of Dublin.

A modern Bible in Irish, An Bíobla Naofa was translated and edited by Pádraig Ó Fiannachta. Published by the National University of Ireland, Maynooth in 1981, it was the first Bible in Irish approved by the Roman Catholic church in Ireland. Coslett Quinn translated the New Testament and Psalms in the 1960s.