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Gorno-Altai (also Gorno-Altay) is a Turkic language, spoken officially in the Altai RepublicRussia. The language was called Oyrot prior to 1948.

Altai Republic (RussianРеспу́блика Алта́йRespublika AltayAltayАлтай РеспубликаAltay Respublika) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). Its capital is the town of Gorno-Altaysk. The area of the republic is 92,600 square kilometers (35,800 sq mi). Population: 206,168 (2010 Census).

The Altai Republic is situated in the very center of Asia at the junction of the Siberian taiga, the steppes of Kazakhstan and the semi-deserts of Mongolia. Forests cover about 25% of the republic's territory.