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A pásztori levelek és a Filemonhoz írt levél magyarázata by John Calvin - HUNGARIAN TRANSLATION OF Calvin's Bible Commentaries: Timothy, Titus, and Philemon

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9789635582068
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A pásztori levelek és a Filemonhoz írt levél magyarázata by John Calvin - HUNGARIAN TRANSLATION OF Calvin's Bible Commentaries: Timothy, Titus, and Philemon

 

HARDCOVER 2012

ISBN: 9789635582068 / 978-9635582068

ISBN-10: 9635582064

PAGES 268

PUBLISHER: KÁLVIN

 

About the Author:

John Calvin (/ˈkælvɪn/;[1] FrenchJean Calvin [ʒɑ̃ kalvɛ̃]; born Jehan Cauvin; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was a Frenchtheologianpastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrines of predestination and of the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation, in which doctrines Calvin was influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions. Various CongregationalReformed and Presbyterian churches, which look to Calvin as the chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world.

Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy. He also exchanged cordial and supportive letters with many reformers, including Philipp Melanchthon and Heinrich Bullinger. In addition to his seminal Institutes of the Christian Religion, Calvin wrote commentaries on most books of the Bible, confessional documents, and various other theological treatises.

Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church around 1530. After religious tensions erupted in widespread deadly violence against Protestant Christians in France, Calvin fled to Basel, Switzerland, where in 1536 he published the first edition of the Institutes. In that same year, Calvin was recruited by Frenchman William Farel to join the Reformation in Geneva, where he regularly preached sermons throughout the week; but the governing council of the city resisted the implementation of their ideas, and both men were expelled. At the invitation of Martin Bucer, Calvin proceeded to Strasbourg, where he became the minister of a church of French refugees. He continued to support the reform movement in Geneva, and in 1541 he was invited back to lead the church of the city.

Following his return, Calvin introduced new forms of church government and liturgy, despite opposition from several powerful families in the city who tried to curb his authority. During this period, Michael Servetus, a Spaniard regarded by both Roman Catholics and Protestants as having a heretical view of the Trinity, arrived in Geneva. He was denounced by Calvin and burned at the stake for heresy by the city council. Following an influx of supportive refugees and new elections to the city council, Calvin's opponents were forced out. Calvin spent his final years promoting the Reformation both in Geneva and throughout Europe.

 

Hungarian Summary:

„A Református Egyházi Könyvtár most a két Timóteushoz írt levél, valamint a Tituszhoz és Filemonhoz írt levelek kommentárját közli, Szabó András (1871–1957) néhai székelyudvarhelyi klasszika filológus, kollégiumigazgató, Erasmus- és Kálvin-fordító tolmácsolásában, átdolgozott formában... A négy levél kommentárjai ma is teljes figyelmünkre méltók. Nemcsak azért, mert Kálvin meglátásai és módszere is segítségünkre lehetnek a bibliai szöveg és üzenet megértésében (ahogy ő is igénybe vette a régiek segítségét), és nemcsak azért, mert megjegyzésein keresztül bepillanthatunk a reformáció korának küzdelmeibe, hanem leginkább azért, mert rendkívüli tisztasággal tud egyszerre elvonatkoztatni Pál apostol személyes utalásaitól és ugyanakkor teljes körűen bepillantani azok mélységébe. Ez a keresztyénség titka, ahogy a Filemonhoz írt levélnél megjegyzi: bár Pál jelentéktelen és köznapi üggyel foglalkozik, mégis, szokásához híven, Istenhez emelkedik. Noha egy ember dolgában jár el, mégis az egész egyházat tartja szem előtt. Ez a titka Kálvin magyarázatainak is.” (Részletek Bogárdi Szabó István előszavából)

 

English Summary:

Calvin’s Commentaries are classics of the first order, essential reading for anyone studying a Bible text. Reading Calvin nearly always leads to new insights on a passage. Philip Schaff said of Calvin that he “was an exegetical genius of the first order. His commentaries are unsurpassed for originality, depth, perspicuity, soundness and permanent value. He combined in a very rare degree all the essential qualities of an exegete—grammatical knowledge, spiritual insight, acute perception, sound judgment, and practical tact.”

 

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