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The tradition of Bible translations in Christianity in Russia begins with Slavic translations of the Bible and Old Church Slavonic.

Francysk Skaryna was the first to attempt the translation and printing of the Bible in Russian, based on the Slavonic and Czech Bibles. August Hermann Francke tried to produce a cheap Russian Bible, but the first Russian Bible to be successfully printed and widely distributed was the Elizabeth Bible of 1751. The first Orthodox Church Bible appeared in 1876. Since 1990 the Russian Bible Society and Protestants in Russia have produced newer translations into the Russian language.